Multiple choice questions or popularly known as MCQs are a popular method of testing a student’s knowledge and understanding of a subject. The most prominent features of an MCQ is the scope of providing multiple options to the students to choose from, which on one hand gives them the chance to exercise on their memory while on the other hand helping them in the process. Objectivity is key in answering MCQs. Therefore, in information-based subjects and language learning, the use of MCQ to assess the students’ progress is unparalleled. This testing method is less time-consuming yet offers a greater amount of learning content to be covered.
Analytical Reasoning MCQs
Critical thinking, analysis and reasoning are crucial parts of a student’s educational and social development. It involves the understanding of one’s own thought process in order to develop viable conclusions and solve problems in real life. Honing the ability of critical analysis helps a person come up with new perspectives regarding any issue. MCQs are very effective in this matter. Analytical MCQs with answer involve recognition of patterns through certain verbal or incidental cues, dropping of hints in solving a problem and most importantly connection of visual, linguistic and sometimes audible educational aids in order to incite the brain into multidimensional thought processes. All of these help improve understanding and reasoning about the world around as well as theoretical information.
Cognitive development is an essential part of a person’s education and overall development. The biggest challenge faced by learners and educators in this process is the learner’s inability to classify objects and draw logical analogies based on those classifications. Analogies MCQs help a student identify commonness among multiple choices and regroup them accordingly. Such MCQs require the objective understanding of different features of objects to recognize similarities and dissimilarities. By providing such exercises to students, it is possible for the educator to evaluate their skill of independent learning based on own wits and background knowledge, and also to identify students who are lagging behind in terms of self-dependent understanding process and provide them with necessary guidance.
Active and Passive Voice MCQs
Language learning depends hugely on a learner’s ability to modify sentences in a way that does not change the meaning but helps add dynamics to the expression. In English and a few other languages, this dynamic is achieved through active and passive voices. MCQs regarding voice change consist of providing the student with various syntaxes that might be the possible reversion of voice to a given sentence but only one is appropriate. Such questions can also involve removal of a certain word or words that will help build the given sentence in a different voice. These questions are usually based on a student’s basic understanding of the sequential rules of syntax. It is a simple and effective method of not only helping a student grasp the language but also to eliminate small misconceptions and flawed understandings which would otherwise be difficult to identify.
Synonyms and Antonyms MCQ
These kinds of MCQs generally help in increasing and checking the vocabulary of students. Often used in most English examinations, these questions help in testing the choice and knowledge of words along with their meanings amongst students. Examinations generally put forth a word and the students are asked to either choose their synonym or antonym from the given options. Most often these options are very closely linked and the student is required to choose the best suited option. Thus, the synonyms and antonyms MCQ help in increasing the knowledge of words in students. This also helps students to come across new words, their meanings and opposites which they can later implement in their writing to enhance its quality.
It is therefore evident that MCQs play an imperative role in testing a student’s knowledge in a particular field. Why are these better than subjective questions? This is because testing a student’s knowledge through MCQs, they are provided with a set of closely connected options. Choosing the correct option from the ones given thus tests the conceptual understanding of the student in a more efficient way. As a result, NCQs are being popularly used in most examinations as it helps in choosing more skilled and better suited candidates. Furthermore MCQs are less time consuming and help to avoid going through unnecessary information from an examiner’s perspective.